Organized tours to remote places and communities are increasingly popular. Is it a positive or negative development for local people and the local environment?
Different from those who prefer to visit well-developed tourist attractions, more and more people choose to travel to remote areas for sightseeing. Although this trend has some benefits, its negative consequences are more significant, for both local people and the environment.
For those who live in remote communities, turning their homeland into a tourist site means employment opportunities and income generation. Traditionally, local inhabitants lived on farming, fishing or hunting, from which they could earn very limited income. With the development of tourism, more jobs are created in catering, hospitality and transportation, bringing residents more wealth and better material life. However, as crowds of tourists pour into undeveloped areas, the idyllic lifestyle of local people will be jeopardized and replaced by the hustle and bustle. Another concern is the invasion of modern civilization may pose a threat to the unique culture and custom of those remote communities.
In addition, the arrival of visitors at the undeveloped land can be a disaster to the environment. In the construction of roads and hotels, it is hard to avoid causing damage to the habitats of plants and animals. When local people are lured by the great economic benefits of developing tourism, they are likely to put the economy before the environment. Local people’s living environment will also suffer. A growing number of cars and buses often result in traffic congestion and air pollution. Some tourists may show inappropriate behavior, like shouting, graffiti, or littering. This is demonstrated by the fact that many once quiet villages have now become noisy and messy.
Overall, the influx of tourists into remote areas and communities has negative impacts on local people and the environment.
tourist attraction 旅游胜地
material life 物质生活
hustle and bustle 喧闹
pose a threat to 威胁
cause damage to 损害
result in 导致
traffic congestion 交通堵塞